Last week, as Xi met with Italian leaders, Macron announced the end of the «period of European naivety» towards China and sought to tighten rules for protecting strategic economic sectors. They insisted on greater reciprocity and transparency on china`s part and tried to convince Conte that he had made a critical mistake in joining the One Belt One Road project. «The order of things has been shaken,» the French president said, suggesting that the Trump administration`s withdrawal from multilateral agreements had brought France and China closer together. In contrast, his coalition partner Luigi Di Maio, the leader of the anti-establishment Five Star Movement, has pledged to the deal and has made several visits to China in recent months. On Saturday, he beamed in Villa Madama signing the first agreements with Chinese counterparts, including those who explicitly declared Italy`s participation in new economic and maritime silk roads. More than a year ago, on March 23, 2019, Italy signed a Memorandum of Understanding with China to officially become a member of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), also known as «One Belt One Road» (OBOR). Italy and China followed their commitments and signed a total of 29 trade policy agreements (19 institutional agreements and 10 trade agreements) worth about €2.5 billion ($2.8 billion) for the implementation of the so-called New Silk Road project. Against a backdrop of Italian, Chinese and European flags, a multitude of Chinese and Italian ministers and economic leaders signed 29 separate agreements at Villa Madama that marked the culmination of Xi`s visit to Rome, where he was welcomed as a valued ally and, as critics have said, Conquerors. It is likely that the tone of China`s growing presence will change and seem more threatening with the advent of Xi-Jinping, who had the constitution amended last year, making him a president for life. The ancient Silk Road was born between 130 BC.
J.-C. and 1453 after. C JC, under the Tang Dynasty, and flourished until the Mongol invasion of Europe pushed the Ottoman Empire to boycott trade with China, and Europe found the sea route to trade directly with China. The ancient Silk Road was a road about four miles long that was built to facilitate trade between Europe and China through Central Asia, now India and Pakistan.