International trade rules in this area are still relatively new and can be shaped. The article also highlights niche areas for developing countries and countries in transition. Beginning in the late 1970s, private sector groups in the United Kingdom (British Invisibles) and the United States of America (the Coalition of Service Industries) began working with their governments to promote fair competition in access to foreign markets. These early initiatives by service companies eventually led to the integration of international services transactions into the Uruguay Round. • promote a sophisticated range of financial aids specifically linked to the export of services, in particular for export development. The case of the Indian software industry is also worth mentioning because of the number of well-paying and challenging jobs it has created. Many developing countries and countries with economies in transition are facing a brain drain. Jobs in the service sector are generally skilled or highly skilled and are therefore particularly attractive to the types of professionals who often emigrate abroad. • training of trade policy officials (as well as immigration and finance officials) in services trade policy. Lobbying for a strong position in the current round of services negotiations. Service companies can contribute to business planning, for example: • value-added back-office operations greater than basic data entry. Examples are not only the more traditional collection and processing of data collection, but also electronic publishing, website design and management, customer call centers, medical records management, hotel reservations, credit cards, remote secretarial services, online technical support, indexing and abstraction services, technical research and writing, and technical transcription. Manufacturers are increasingly underpinning product design, logistics management, research and development, and after-sales service support.
Until 1995, there was no multilateral agreement on trade in services. This is mainly due to a lack of knowledge of trade in services itself. .