With the Paris Agreement, world leaders pledged to combat greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the effects of climate change. Agriculture has enormous potential in the fight against climate change. While the United States and countries around the world are striving to harness this potential, mitigation must be coupled with strategies to adapt agriculture to the pressures of climate change and make the agricultural sector itself more sustainable and resilient. 8 See, for example, the blog post by Bruce Campbell, Director of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, coordinated by the University of Copenhagen: Climate Change: Half a Degree Will Make a World of Difference for the Food We Eat was consulted on February 1, 2016. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) provides a number of instruments to provide adequate responses to the challenges of climate change, a more sustainable European agriculture. In the face of pressure on natural resources, agriculture needs to improve its environmental performance through more sustainable production methods. Farmers must also adapt to the challenges of climate change and take mitigation and adaptation measures (for example. B by developing greater resilience to disasters such as floods, droughts and fires). Sustainable management of natural resources and the fight against climate change are one of the CAP`s three main objectives. The effects of climate change are being felt throughout the EU, and in particular in European agriculture: 22:22 This section is based on the negotiating texts and the final agreement, all of which are accessible on of 1 February 2016. In addition, innovation, climate change and the environment have an effect on the objectives of the EU`s rural development policy, which means that these three objectives should be integrated/reflected in Member States` strategies and instrument choices.
In addition, the SBSTA must ensure that there are clear standards for comparing and evaluating the agricultural components of national ecologically intelligent agriculture (CSA) strategies. A number of initiatives are working in this direction, including the Food and Agriculture Organization, which launched the «Economy and Policy Innovation for Climate Smart Agriculture» programme. On the continent, a number of programmes and initiatives such as the NEPAD climate change and agriculture programme, promoted by the NEPAD Agency, are a catalyst and catalyst effort to coordinate the coordination and coherence of African efforts to combat the impact of climate change on the agricultural sector: its overall goal is to achieve the African Union`s vision of helping 25 million agricultural households to implement the CSA by 2025. In addition, under the aegis of the CSA Africa Alliance, the NEPAD-iNGO Alliance on CSA was created between NEPAD and as a basic implementation mechanism to support at least 6 million small farmers on the continent. Adaptive measures (both at the agricultural and sectoral levels) in agriculture range from technological solutions to adaptations of management or operating structures, to political changes, such as adaptation plans.B. Rural development policy clearly focuses on the fact that at least 30% of the budget of each rural development programme must be earmarked for voluntary targeted measures that benefit the environment and climate change.